Oxycodone, also called oxycontin, is a time-release opiate painkiller. It is usually prescribed for moderate, severe or chronic pain and is sometimes combined with common analgesics like aspirin,ibuprofen and acetaminophen. It is also used to relieve pain for terminally-ill cancer patients.
It was first developed in 1995 for patients requiring continuous pain relief. This drug is an opioid, meaning it has chemical properties similar to codeine, morphine, methadone and heroin.
Oxycodone is formulated from thebaine, which is an opium alkaloid. It is synthetically made into an odorless white crystalline powder that is then formed into a tablet.
Due to this synthetic nature, it is scientifically categorized as an opioid, not an opiate.
As a consequence it is highly addictive and is classified as a narcotic-hence its usage must be medically prescribed. Other brand names for oxycodone are Tylox, Percodan, Percocet and Roxicodon. Street names for oxycodone include oxy, OCs, oxycet, hillbilly heroin and killers.
Causes and signs
Addiction to opioids like oxycodone is affected by various factors, and it can be instant or gradual. Oxycodone provides intensely pleasurable feelings, reduced anxiety, relaxation and confidence. Experiencing these sensation leads to dependency and addiction.
Environmental and genetic characteristics (predisposition) also play a role. Warning signs of oxycodone addiction include being defensive about usage, severe mood swings, reduced appetite, low motivation and aversion to social interaction.
Medical Risks and Overdose Symptoms
Oxycodone is highly dangerous and overdoses will require urgent emergency medical attention. Overdose symptoms include nausea, fatigue, labored breathing, clumsiness, clammy skin and slow heart rate. An overdose victim may require an opioid antagonist such as Narcan to arrest the overdose and prevent death.
Additionally, interaction with tranquilizer drugs like xanax or valium can be fatal. Interaction with alcohol can also cause death. People with a personal or family addiction history, mental illness and Medicaid recipients have an elevated risk of addiction to a painkiller like oxycodone.
Negative Social Effects
Addiction of oxycodone has negative social effects. The immediate family undergoes the trauma of witnessing the ordeal of a dear one transforming into a drug addict.
Addiction causes problems at the addict’s workplace, issues with law enforcement agencies and with medical personnel. The addict will eventually try to use all means to access the daily fix.
Prolonged Use and Withdrawal Effects
In conclusion, if one is unable to prevent getting addicted to this drug, it is advisable to contact an oxycodone addiction specialist like a counselor or a drug rehabilitation center. One may require admission in order to have a medical detox in comfortable, safe surroundings.
Educating your self is key to fighting addiction. One area many people remain ignorant is in understanding the prescription process, which includes things like:
- Who Can Write Prescriptions? (You might be surprised)
- What Do the Abbreviations Mean? And...
- The Real Difference Between Brand Name and Generic Drugs
CLICK THE INFO-GRAPHIC BELOW TO LEARN INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT PRESCRIPTIONS.